Università degli Studi di Padova – Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale - ICEA

Participant description
The Numerical Modelling research group of the Dept. of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering (DICEA) - University of Padova - is the leading group of the previous Dept. of Mathematical Methods and Models for Scientific Applications (DMMMSA). The research field deals with the formulation, development, implementation and validation of robust, accurate and efficient numerical methods and models for the solution to diffusion/dispersion, convection and deformation problems in heterogeneous, anisotropic, continuous and faulted porous media subject to fluid withdrawal or injection (oil, gas, water, sea water, CO2). Different and qualified scientific competences are integrated  allowing to address modeling problems with reference to the formulation and the development of new mathematical models, the development and the experimentation of novel solution numerical methods, and the application to real problems with an important engineering and environmental impact. In fact, the research group combines efficiently engineers and computer science experts with mathematicians. The research topics in the numerical-computational field cover almost completely all the aspects related to the numerical solution of mathematical models for the prediction of fluido-dynamics and geomechanics in porous media: analysis, development and experimentation of novel discretization methods, solution of linear algebra problems with a large size as they result from the corresponding PDE discretization, numerical algorithms for non-linear and optimization problems, parallel computing in linear algebra, applications to important real cases.

The group is actually located in Torre Archimede, 3rd floor, Via Trieste 63, 35121 Padova, Italy

Involved researchers

prof. Giuseppe Gambolati (giuseppe.gambolati@unipd.it) - GROUP leader
Giuseppe Gambolati received his doctoral degree with honors in Mechanical Engineering in 1968 from the Technical University of Turin. After graduating he joined the Department of Applied Mechanics of the Technical University of Turin as an Assistant Professor. In 1969 he joined the IBM Scientific Center of Venice with the specific commitment of developing the mathematical model of anthropogenic land subsidence of Venice. Dr. Gambolati's scientific career at IBM spanned the period from 1969 to 1980: scientist (1972), advisory scientist (1974), head of the hydrology program (1976), senior scientist (1980). In 1980 Dr. Gambolati was appointed Professor of Numerical Methods at the School of Engineering of the University of Padua. In 1987 he became Director of the Institute of Applied Mathematics where he promoted the founding of the Department of Mathematical Methods and Models for Scientific Applications (DMMMSA), which he chaired until December 1991. He is the author of over 250 scientific papers in internationally refereed journals, books, and proceedings concerning modeling groundwater flow, and subsurface contaminant transport, and the validation and application of the corresponding numerical models to real world problems. He was Chairman of the VIII International Conference on "Computational Methods in Water Resources". He is currently a member of the IAHS/UNESCO-IHP Working Group on "Land Subsidence". He was the recipient of the 2008 IACMAG (International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics) award for “significant contributions in research, academic activities and professional service in different regions of the globe”. He has been recently nominated 2011 AGU fellow.

ing. Pietro Teatini (pietro.teatini@unipd.it) - WARBO coordinator
He received the Civil Engineering degree with honors in 1991 at the University of Padova, Italy. From 1992 he works in the numerical modeling group at the Department of Mathematical Methods and Models for Scientific Applications of the University of Padova (Italy). His research interests concern with studies of natural and anthropogenic land subsidence, groundwater flow, and subsurface contaminant transport, the development of numerical models for their simulation, the model application to real world problems, the execution of field experiments and the management of survey networks to monitor these processes. In 1994 he received the International Award ``Paolo Gatto’’, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Italy, for the modeling of the aquifer system underlying the Venice Lagoon. He is associated researcher of the Institute of Marine Science - CNR in Venice. He has participated to a number of projects concerning land subsidence and subsurface flow/transport  funded by different institutions such as EU (within the Environmental Programme), European Space Agency, Italian Ministry of Environment, Eni E&P (the Italian national oil company), Venice Water Authority. He has published more than 150 articles in books, international journals and international conference proceedings.
ing. Massimiliano Ferronato (massimiliano.ferronato@unipd.it)
After entering the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Padova, graduated in Civil Engineering, Structural qualification, on July 15th, 1998 with 110 points over 110 cum laude, defending a thesis entitled: Numerical modeling of rock deformation close to producing reservoirs with Prof. Giuseppe Gambolati, PE, and Pietro Teatini, PE, as advisors. Became a Professional Engineer on January 1999. In 1999 attends a Qualifying Master at the University of Padova getting the specialization in Maritime and Coastal Engineering with a defense of the thesis entitled: Numerical modeling of the morphological evolution of a littoral: sensitivity analysis to the concomitance of waves and the "acqua alta" phenomenon with practical application. On March 23rd, 2003, gets his PhD degree with specialization in Numerical Geomechanics at the Technology University of Delft (The Netherlands). Author and co-author of more than 100 scientific articles published in international journals and proceedings of international conferences on numerical and application-oriented issues, has been working since 2003 as researcher at the Department of Mathematical Methods and Models for Scientific Application (DMMMSA) of the University of Padova. During the academic year 2004/05 is appointed Contract Professor for the Numerical Analysis course for Mechanical Engineering (venue of Vicenza). In 2008 is appointed Assistant Professor in Numerical Analysis. Current teaching activity includes the courses of Numerical Analysis and Programming for Energy Engineering, Numerical Analysis for Innovation Engineering (venue of Vicenza), Numerical Methods in Engineering for Civil Engineering and Numerical Methods for the PhD School in Civil and Environmental Engineering.

ing. Nicola Castelletto (castel@dmsa.unipd.it)
He received the Ph.D in Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences at the University of Padova in 2010. His research interests concern the physics of fluid flow and deformation in porous media, with specific applications in subsurface hydraulics and petroleum engineering. The main activity is the development and implementation of non-linear algorithms in Finite Element, Mixed Finite Element and Finite Volume models to analyze coupled and uncoupled fluid dynamical and geomechanical processes due to the exploitation and management of subsurface resources. Significant applications include land subsidence prediction related to water or hydrocarbon extraction, and fluid injection in the subsurface for underground gas storage, deformation mitigation or geological carbon sequestration purposes. He is author and co-author of about 20 scientific articles published in international journals and proceedings of international conferences.

WARBO ACTION 5: Development of mathematical models for the management of the recharge test projects

UNIPD is the leader of Action 5. The objectives of Action 5 are the development of numerical models for the reliable simulation of the recharge tests. Three-dimensional state-of-the-art numerical codes implemented by UNIPD using Finite Elements, Finite Volumes and/or Mixed Finite Elements will be set-up for the selected sites, calibrated on available records of piezometric levels, groundwater quality, pumping tests and then used to reproduce the fate of the water volumes  injected  to recharge the aquifers. Once calibrated/validated, the models will be used to help the planning and management of the injection projects: the optimal values of injectable water volumes and rates will be suggested, the short-term flow of the injected waters will computed and compared on the in-situ monitoring outcome, and long-term fate will be predicted. Various scenarios related to different well number, well location, injection rates will be investigated.